Purpose Your purpose is your goal, your objective, what you are trying to accomplish.
Paul-Elder Critical Thinking Framework Critical thinking is that mode of thinking — about any subject, content, or problem — in which the thinker improves the quality of his or her thinking by skillfully taking charge of the structures inherent in thinking and imposing intellectual standards upon them.
Paul and Elder, The Paul-Elder framework has three components: They need to be able to identify the "parts" of their thinking, and they need to be able to assess their Critical thinking models of these parts of thinking.
Elements of Thought reasoning The "parts" or elements of thinking are as follows: All reasoning has a purpose All reasoning is an attempt to figure something out, to settle some question, to solve some problem All reasoning is based on assumptions All reasoning is done from some point of view All reasoning is based on data, information and evidence All reasoning is expressed through, and shaped by, concepts and ideas All reasoning contains inferences or interpretations by which we draw conclusions and give meaning to data All reasoning leads somewhere or has implications and consequences Universal Intellectual Standards The intellectual standards that are to these elements are used to determine the quality of reasoning.
Good critical thinking requires having a command of these standards. According to Paul and Elder, the ultimate goal is for the standards of reasoning to become infused in all thinking so as to become the guide to better and better reasoning.
The intellectual standards include: Clarity Could you illustrate what you mean? Could you give me an example? Accuracy How could we check on that? How could we find out if that is true?
How could we verify or test that? Precision Could you be more specific? Could you give me more details? Could you be more exact?
Relevance How does that relate to the problem? How does that bear on the question? How does that help us with the issue? Depth What factors make this difficult? What are some of the complexities of this question? What are some of the difficulties we need to deal with? Breadth Do we need to look at this from another perspective?
Do we need to consider another point of view? Do we need to look at this in other ways? Logic Does all of this make sense together? Does your first paragraph fit in with your last one? Does what you say follow from the evidence?
Significance Is this the most important problem to consider? Is this the central idea to focus on? Which of these facts are most important?
Fairness Is my thinking justifiable in context? Am I taking into account the thinking of others? Is my purpose fair given the situation?
Am I using my concepts in keeping with educated usage, or am I distorting them to get what I want? Intellectual Traits Consistent application of the standards of thinking to the elements of thinking result in the development of intellectual traits of:Benjamin Bloom made significant contributions to education and talent development.
His contributions have been memorialized in a series of books. Benjamin Bloom - Critical Thinking and Critical Thinking Models. QEP: Some Working Models for Critical Thinking I. What is Critical Thinking?
Although there are many different ways to define critical thinking ï, the literature. Critical thinking is the ability to think clearly and rationally about what to do or what to believe.
Checkout a great Critical Thinking plan. Read full. Critical Thinking Learning Models Analyzing and Assessing Thinking In this section, we offer an interactive model which details the analysis and assessment of reasoning, and enables you to apply the model to real life problems. In this White Paper, submitted to FSU's Quality Enhancement Plan Writing Committee (a comprehensive 5-year QEP is one requirement for SACS reaccreditation of educational institutions), I discuss four models of Critical Thinking which are relevant.
The Paul-Elder Model of Critical Thinking The Paul-Elder model of Critical Thinking has been relied upon in the conceptualization of previous SACS QEPs which focused on Critical Thinking.
It is associated with the organization called the Foundation for Critical Thinking, and with their website metin2sell.com