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This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Problematic computer use is a growing social issue which is being debated worldwide. Internet Addiction Disorder IAD ruins lives by causing neurological complications, psychological disturbances, and social problems.
Surveys in the United States and Europe have indicated alarming prevalence rates between 1. There are several reviews addressing the definition, classification, assessment, epidemiology, and co-morbidity of IAD , and some reviews  addressing the treatment of IAD.
The aim of this paper is to give a preferably brief overview of research on IAD and theoretical considerations from a practical perspective based on years of daily work with clients suffering from Internet addiction. Furthermore, with this paper we intend to bring in practical experience in the debate about the eventual inclusion of IAD in the next version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM.
Meanwhile, both China and South Korea have identified Internet addiction as a significant public health threat and both countries support education, research and treatment [ 12 ]. In the United States, despite a growing body of research, and treatment for the disorder available in out-patient and in-patient settings, there has been no formal governmental response to the issue of Internet addiction.
While the debate goes on about whether or not the DSM-V should designate Internet addiction a mental disorder [ 12 - 14 ] people currently suffering from Internet addiction are seeking treatment.
Because of our experience we support the development of uniform diagnostic criteria and the inclusion of IAD in the DSM-V [ 11 ] in order to advance public education, diagnosis and treatment of this important disorder. It is accompanied by changes in mood, preoccupation with the Internet and digital media, the inability to control the amount of time spent interfacing with digital technology, the need for more time or a new game to achieve a desired mood, withdrawal symptoms when not engaged, and a continuation of the behavior despite family conflict, a diminishing social life and adverse work or academic consequences [ 21617 ].
Some researchers and mental health practitioners see excessive Internet use as a symptom of another disorder such as anxiety or depression rather than a separate entity [e. Internet addiction could be considered an Impulse control disorder not otherwise specified. Yet there is a growing consensus that this constellation of symptoms is an addiction [e.
The American Society of Addiction Medicine ASAM recently released a new definition of addiction as a chronic brain disorder, officially proposing for the first time that addiction is not limited to substance use [ 20 ]. All addictions, whether chemical or behavioral, share certain characteristics including salience, compulsive use loss of controlmood modification and the alleviation of distress, tolerance and withdrawal, and the continuation despite negative consequences.
Since then variations in both name and criteria have been put forward to capture the problem, which is now most popularly known as Internet Addiction Disorder. Problematic Internet Use PIU [ 21 ], computer addiction, Internet dependence [ 22 ], compulsive Internet use, pathological Internet use [ 23 ], and many other labels can be found in the literature.
Likewise a variety of often overlapping criteria have been proposed and studied, some of which have been validated. However, empirical studies provide an inconsistent set of criteria to define Internet addiction [ 24 ].
For an overview see Byun et al. Beard [ 2 ] recommends that the following five diagnostic criteria are required for a diagnosis of Internet addiction: Additionally, at least one of the following must be present: There has been also been a variety of assessment tools used in evaluation.
In their review Weinstein and Lejoyeux [ 1 ] report that surveys in the United States and Europe have indicated prevalence rates varying between 1. When activated, dopamine release is increased, along with opiates and other neurochemicals.
Internet use may also lead specifically to dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens [ 3536 ], one of the reward structures of the brain specifically involved in other addictions [ 20 ].
An example of the rewarding nature of digital technology use may be captured in the following statement by a 21 year-old male in treatment for IAD: No other activity relaxes me or stimulates me like technology. However, when depression hits, I tend to use technology as a way of retreating and isolating.The following example is an outline for an effect essay about the effects of the computer on life.
Thesis statement: The two main areas in which computers have brought about a profound. Take further, Computer addiction can have a number of physical, social, and psychological effects on a person, and it is to be taken as seriously as any other addiction that a person is against, but what are those possible effects of spending too much time on the computer, and what are the causes.
Essay on Computer Addiction. Ten years ago, the only people who spent a majority of their leisure time on the computer were paid members of the technology industry.
Using a computer every day can have more negative than positive effects on children. Do you agree or disagree? The application of technology has led to dramatic changes to our modern society, while the use of computers for children daily, however, has caused a debate among parents and teachers.
Positive and negative effects of Computer Computers have been invented in time span around to , and since then have remained as a great essentiality to the evolving human race.
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