Countries that have ineffective government institutions, rampant corruption and weak rule of law have a to percent higher risk of civil war and higher risk of extreme criminal violence than other developing countries. To help change this narrative, we are integrating democracy programming throughout our core development work, focusing on strengthening and promoting human rights, accountable and transparent governance, and an independent and politically active civil society across all our work. At the same time, we remain committed to fundamental democratic empowerment activities, including supporting free and fair elections, up-to-date technology for new and traditional media, as well as the rule of law. By helping societies protect the basic rights of citizens, we prevent conflict, spur economic growth and advance human dignity.
Good Governance in Pakistan: For man is a social being; he lives among people and is linked to them in numerous ways. It is only natural that that he should be concerned about the future of society, about the changes occurring in it, and about the direction in which it develops.
Human being since the inception of earth has gone through the process of learning from nature. The will to explore solutions for his problems is an amazing skill that mankind possesses despite Governance issues in pakistan failures and defeats.
The ability to work hard, remain persistent in adapting to new and emerging concepts, believes, systems and behaviours has been the essence of the learning process.
To exist, people must have food, clothing, housing and other necessities of life. Nature does not provide these necessities and to obtain those people must work towards establishing means to acquire and fulfil its Governance issues in pakistan.
Governance means productive development and direction towards positivity and effective performance. It is the art of showing how to act and react in a manner that is beneficial and aligned with the goal and objective one has, be it at the individual, national or international level. Mankind has seen hundreds of wars since the emergence of humanity and has witnessed two world wars resulting in devastating and catastrophic outcomes in the shape of deaths, diseases, disability and destruction of infrastructure.
The steps that have been taken towards peace and agreements at the International, national and local level is a result of governance. It is difficult to analyse the origins of governance as the concept is not new.
It can be said that from the existence and understanding of Good Governance in Pakistan: Every religion has given guiding principles for life and for me these values and rules for attaining the love of GOD is part of governance. Similarly in Islam the concept of Holy Quran as a guiding book and following the life and actions of Prophet Muhammad Peace be upon him as a way of life fall under the category of governance.
Islamic view of good governance is qualitative and believes that how your values and ethical decision affect the society are important. The last sermon of the Prophet Peace be upon him is an effective example of an effective policy and system that if followed with true spirit will result in good governance.
The concept of governance is not new. Early discussions go back to at least B. C pg 5 Jhss, Vol. The presence of good governance practices clarifies authority, simplifies decision- making, and ensures people and organizations are accountable for their actions and decisions.
Good governance is an essential factor to the success of any activity, whether in the public sector or non-governmental sector. In the development context, studies indicate a direct relationship between good governance, stable governments and better social and economic outcomes through effective people and rules.
Governance like any other subject is at the emergence phase and has evolved over the years and will continue to develop as a discipline through research and experiments.
What is Governance As stated Governance is a broad concept covering all aspects of the way a country is governed, including its economic policies and regulatory framework, as well as adherence to the rule of law.
Corruption--the abuse of public authority or trust for private benefit- -is closely linked: Corruption is one outcome of poor governance involving the abuse of public office for private gain. The Asian Development Bank considers the essence of governance to be sound development management.
The key dimensions of governance are public sector management, accountability, the legal framework for development and information and transparency.
It is essential for researchers and students to understand the dynamics of governance and how various countries are now striving towards good governance as a source for development as oppose to the traditional method of going to war or going after their lust of power to dominate and take away resources from weak countries.
The right to self determination which emerged as a result of the emergence of United Nations is considered as a golden rule for every country after the two deadly wars between nations based on ideology.
In another definition, the variety of perspective governance brings for a country or nation is defined as: Various bodies and associations have stepped forward to devise an international standard for governance which is acceptable and adaptable to various countries around the world. We would like to highlight the role of two such organizations that emerged as global caretakers for decades now.
World Bank The purpose is to look at the various initiatives these two organizations have taken in order to promote good governance across the world and how the results of their success has not only helped developed countries for the better but has also allowed other developing countries to adapt to systems and policies that help them progress.
United Nations UN believes that the greatest threats to good governance come from corruption, violence and poverty, all of which undermine transparency, security, participation and fundamental freedoms. The UN system works closely with governments to achieve these ends.
It also works closely with civil society, a term which encompasses a wide range of organizations and groups from the private sector having varying interests and objectives, including professional, business, and services, religious and recreational bodies.
The UN system promotes good governance through its agencies and departments.
In the process, it focuses on providing policy advice and technical support and strengthening the capacity of institutions and individuals. The International Monetary Fund IMF promotes good governance through its programmes of lending and technical assistance.
Its approach to combating corruption emphasizes prevention, through measures that strengthen governance. Problems and Possible Solutions The United Nations Democracy Fund UNDEFestablished insupports projects that strengthen the voice of civil society, promote human rights, and encourage the participation of all groups in democratic processes.
The bulk of its funds go to local civil society organizations, both in the transition and consolidation phases of democratization.Governance Issues in Pakistan and their Impact on Income Inequality presented in Pakistan about regional inequality.
Akhtar () took data from to and found that poor percentage in Pakistan reduced from % in to % in Similar trend of decline reported in urban and rural headcount. Governance. bank information security. Whitepaper IDaas: The Promise and Value of Emerging Strategy. August 29, Nov 12, · ESSAY: Good Governance in Pakistan Good governance has got great importance in our state as the problems of corruption, red tapism and inefficiency crept in the internal structure of our country.
Today good governance not only occupies central place in our state but also regarded as crucial element in building nation.
Democratic governance and human rights are critical components of sustainable development and lasting peace. Countries that have ineffective government institutions, rampant corruption and weak rule of law have a to percent higher risk of civil war and higher risk of extreme criminal violence than other developing countries.
Governance Issues in Pakistan and their Impact on Income Inequality presented in Pakistan about regional inequality. Akhtar () took data from to and found that poor percentage in Pakistan reduced from % in to % in Similar trend of decline reported in urban and rural headcount.
Financial Management and Governance Issues in Pakistan Francis B. Narayan Lead Financial Specialist Asian Development Bank Ted Godden International Consultant Prepared Under Regional Technical Assistance (RETA) Strengthening Financial Management and Governance in Selected Developing Member Countries.