Mahatma Gandhi was born into a Hindu family inand he remained a devout Hindu throughout his life. However, he was strongly influenced by ideas from several other religions and eventually developed many of his own unique ideas about religion, philosophy and the right way to live. Early Years Gandhi was raised in a Hindu family, but he lived in a multicultural community. He had Christian and Muslim friends as a child, and may have been especially influenced by the Jain religion, with its principle of total ahimsa, or nonviolence.
Visit Website Did you know? The march resulted in the arrest of nearly 60, people, including Gandhi himself. Gandhi was appalled by the discrimination he experienced as an Indian immigrant in South Africa. When a European magistrate in Durban asked him to take off his turban, he refused and left the courtroom.
On a train voyage to Pretoria, he was thrown out of a first-class railway compartment and beaten up by a white stagecoach driver after refusing to give up his seat for a European passenger. The Birth of Passive Resistance Inafter the Transvaal government passed an ordinance regarding the registration of its Indian population, Gandhi led a campaign of civil disobedience that would last for the next eight years.
During its final phase inhundreds of Indians living in South Africa, including women, went to jail, and thousands of striking Indian miners were imprisoned, flogged and even shot. Finally, under pressure from the British and Indian governments, the government of South Africa accepted a compromise negotiated by Gandhi and General Jan Christian Smuts, which included important concessions such as the recognition of Indian marriages and the abolition of the existing poll tax for Indians.
He supported the British war effort in World War I but remained critical of colonial authorities for measures he felt were unjust. He backed off after violence broke out—including the massacre by British-led soldiers of some Indians attending a meeting at Amritsar—but only temporarily, and by he was the most visible figure in the movement for Indian independence.
Leader of a Movement As part of his nonviolent non-cooperation campaign for home rule, Gandhi stressed the importance of economic independence for India.
He particularly advocated the manufacture of khaddar, or homespun cloth, in order to replace imported textiles from Britain. Invested with all the authority of the Indian National Congress INC or Congress PartyGandhi turned the independence movement into a massive organization, leading boycotts of British manufacturers and institutions representing British influence in India, including legislatures and schools.
After sporadic violence broke out, Gandhi announced the end of the resistance movement, to the dismay of his followers.
British authorities arrested Gandhi in March and tried him for sedition; he was sentenced to six years in prison but was released in after undergoing an operation for appendicitis.
A Divided Movement Inafter British authorities made some concessions, Gandhi again called off the resistance movement and agreed to represent the Congress Party at the Round Table Conference in London.
InGandhi announced his retirement from politics in, as well as his resignation from the Congress Party, in order to concentrate his efforts on working within rural communities.
Drawn back into the political fray by the outbreak of World War IIGandhi again took control of the INC, demanding a British withdrawal from India in return for Indian cooperation with the war effort.
Instead, British forces imprisoned the entire Congress leadership, bringing Anglo-Indian relations to a new low point. Later that year, Britain granted India its independence but split the country into two dominions: Gandhi strongly opposed Partition, but he agreed to it in hopes that after independence Hindus and Muslims could achieve peace internally.
Amid the massive riots that followed Partition, Gandhi urged Hindus and Muslims to live peacefully together, and undertook a hunger strike until riots in Calcutta ceased. In JanuaryGandhi carried out yet another fast, this time to bring about peace in the city of Delhi.Mahatma Gandhi was born into a Hindu family in , and he remained a devout Hindu throughout his life.
However, he was strongly influenced by ideas from several other religions and eventually developed many of his own unique ideas about religion, philosophy and the right way to live.
Gandhi was. Another aspect of Gandhi's identity was his focus on spiritual beliefs and to millions of Indian people Gandhi was an inspiration known as 'Mahatma' or 'great soul'. While he was devoted to Hinduism he considered all religions should be respected and therefore became a religious leader to many.
His comparative studies of religions and interaction with scholars, led him to respect all religions as well as become concerned about imperfections in all of them and frequent misinterpretations.
Gandhi grew fond of Hinduism, and referred to the Bhagavad Gita as his spiritual dictionary and greatest single influence on his life. Decades later, his great grandson Shrikrishna Kulkarni (in pic), 51, has embarked on a walk to figure out “what has kept our country united despite so much diversity”.
Kulkarni, the son of Sumitra Kulkarni, the daughter of Mahatma Gandhi’s son Ramdas Gandhi, is participating in the 6,km Walk of Hope from Kanyakumari to Kashmir. Dec 31, · Mahatma Gandhi is perhaps the best example of someone who was discerning enough to reject Christianity not Christ.
He was deeply hurt by his experiences with apartheid and “Christians” during his time in South Africa, and it obviously stymied his relationship with Christ.
In Defence of Mahatma Gandhi By Karmanye Thadani Though the Hindu right has tried to appropriate the legacy of Ambedkar, as it has tried to appropriate the legacies of Bhagat Singh and SC Bose, Ambedkar was critical of Hinduism as a faith, not getting entangled in whether untouchability was a misinterpretation, and converted to Buddhism.