According to one theory, "Meenakshi" is a Sanskrit -language term meaning "fish-eyed",  derived from the words mina "fish" and akshi "eyes". The temple commemorates this legend every year with a festive procession.
Located in the city of Madurai, the temple has a great mythological and historical significance. It is believed that Lord Shiva assumed the form of Sundareswarar the handsome one and married Parvati Meenakshi at the site where the temple is currently located.
It is also one of the main attractions of South India with thousands of devotees thronging it every day. Since the royal couple had no child, the King offered his prayers to Lord Shiva, requesting him to grant them a son. But to their dismay, a triple-breasted girl emerged from the sacred fire. The relieved King named her Meenakshi and in due course crowned her as his successor.
Meenakshi ruled over the ancient city of Madurai and also went on to capture the neighboring kingdoms. Legend has it that she even captured Indralok, the abode of Lord Indra, and was on her way to capture Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva, as well.
Shiva and Meenakshi returned to Madurai where their wedding took place. It is said that the wedding was attended by all the gods and goddesses.
E with scholars claiming it to be as old as the city itself. It is said that Kulashekarar Pandyan, a king who ruled over the Pandyan dynasty, built the temple as per the instructions given in his dream by Lord Shiva. A few religious texts that belong to the 1st to 4th century C.
E talk about the temple and describe it as the central structure of the city. Texts dating back to the early 6th century, describe the temple as a place where scholars met to discuss important topics.
The temple as it stands today, however, was rebuilt throughout the 16th century as it was destroyed by the Muslim invaders.
During the 14th century C. E, Malik Kafur, a commander of Delhi Sultanate, led his army into most parts of southern India and looted many temples including the famed Meenakshi Temple. Valuables, such as gold, silver and precious gems were taken to Delhi. Since temples in those days had abundance of valuables, most of the temples were destroyed and were left in ruins.
When the Vijayanagar Empire took over Madurai after defeating the Muslim Sultanate, the temple was rebuilt and reopened. The temple was further expanded during the late 16th century and early 17th century by Vishwanatha Nayakar, a king of the Nayaka dynasty.
The temple was then expanded by many later Nayaka rulers before the advent of the British East India Company.
The temple was once again degraded and parts of it were destroyed during the British Rule. Inthe restoration work was started by Tamil Hindus by collecting donations and by collaborating with historians and engineers. The temple was completely restored in Temple Structure The temple occupies a huge area in the heart of Madurai as it spreads over 14 acres.The historic Meenakshi Amman temple is located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River, Madurai, Tamil Nadu.
Built sometime between the year and , the wonderful architecture of the place is renowned globally.
Meenakshi Temple is primarily dedicated to /5(72). Temple is main attraction of ancient city of Madurai, Meenakshi Temple is one of the largest & undoubtedly oldest too, Rich culture is very important, while entering into temple premises cameras are not allowed inside/5(59).
The Meenakshi Amman Temple is an important Hindu temple located in the city of Madurai, which is situated in the southern Indian state of Tamil Nadu. This temple is dedicated to the goddess Meenakshi, who is regarded to be an Avatar of Parvati, and her consort, Shiva, in his form as Sundareswara.
Sri Meenakshi Amman Temple. Meenakshi Amman Temple is a historic Tamil Hindu temple located on the southern bank of the Vaigai River in the temple city, Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to Parvati, known as Meenakshi, and her consort, Shiva, here named Sundareswarar.
Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple or Meenakshi Amman Temple is located in the holy city of Madurai, Tamil Nadu, India. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva (in the form of Sundareswarar or Beautiful Lord) and his consort, Goddess Parvati (in . Visit: Meenakshi Amman Temple, Thirumalai Nayakkar Palace and Gandhi Museum in Madurai.