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National Library of Australia, nla. Barton was certainly qualified for his new job. William was a secretary and accountant for an agricultural company, and later became a stockbroker. Mary ran a school for girls.
He went on to the University of Sydney, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts Sir edmund barton the first prime inand a Master of Arts in He became a barrister in and set up a successful legal practice, joining the Sydney Mechanics Institute to learn the art of debating.
He married Jane Jeanie Mason Ross inand together they had six children. National Museum of Australia. Colonial politics Barton entered New South Wales colonial politics instanding unsuccessfully as a candidate for the University seat in the Legislative Assembly, but winning the seat in He switched to the Wellington seat inthen in to East Sydney, which he held until Barton was an appointed member of the Legislative Council from tothen regained East Sydney inheld it untiland lost it again.
He became a member of the Legislative Council again from toand was then re-elected to the Legislative Assembly for Hastings-Macleay, which he represented from to He held various positions while a member of colonial parliament, including Speaker of the Legislative Assembly —87, Attorney-General and —93, and Leader of the Opposition — Parkes had called for a strong central federal parliament.
At the first Federal Convention in March46 delegates from all six Australian colonies and New Zealand met in Sydney and produced a draft constitution bill.
When Parkes lost government in October he asked Barton, by now a convinced federalist, to take over the leadership of the federal movement. Barton worked tirelessly to promote federation through the formation of local branches of the Australasian Federal Leagues.
From to he addressed meetings in New South Wales. In Januarythe premiers met in Hobart. They agreed that enabling acts should be passed in colonial parliaments to allow for popular election of delegates, and for a referendum to approve a draft constitution.
Barton topped the New South Wales poll to elect delegates to the second Federal Convention, gaining 75 per cent of the total votes. Garnering support Barton and his supporters conducted a vigorous pro-federation campaign preceding the June referendum on federation. From April to Julya second referendum on federation was conducted in New South Wales, South Australia, Tasmania and Victoria, each of which accepted an amended constitution by a larger majority than in June On 2 September that year, Queensland, voting for the first time, approved the bill.
Barton led the Australian delegation to London in early to negotiate amendments to the Constitution Bill the UK government desired, and to oversee the safe passage of the Bill through the UK parliament.
Lyne, however, was a strong opponent of federation and no leading federationist would join a government he led. Lyne then advised Hopetoun to commission Barton, who formed the ministry. The ministry including Lyne in the Home Affairs portfolio was announced on 30 December.
Barton gained electoral confirmation of his appointment as Prime Minister when his Protectionists won more seats than either of the other main groupings, Free Traders and Laborat the first general election on 29—30 March The Judiciary Act of Australia became law on 25 Augustproviding for the establishment of the High Court of Australia, which Barton would later join.
Barton remained Prime Minister for two years and ten months. Australian flag Following a competition for the design of a national flag, for which 32, entries were submitted, a flag including elements from the five winning entries was chosen.
It was flown officially as the Australian flag for the first time, over the Exhibition Building in Melbourne, on 3 September The Commonwealth Franchise Act established uniform federal franchise.
This gave the vote to adult British subjects resident in Australia for at least six months, but excluded Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and African and Asian immigrants.
Time in the judiciary Barton resigned as Prime Minister on 24 September to become a foundation member of the newly established High Court of Australia.Edmund Barton became Australia's first prime minister after the Commonwealth of Australia was proclaimed on 1 January The first federal election was held on March and Barton's Protectionist Party won a majority.
The Edmund Barton Building (known originally as the Trade Group Offices) is a large Canberra office building positioned prominently on the Parliamentary Triangle in the suburb of Barton, Australian Capital metin2sell.com was designed by the major Australian architect Harry metin2sell.com is named after Sir Edmund Barton, first Prime Minister of Australia and one of the founding judges of the High.
Sir Edmund Barton, (born January 18, , Sydney, New South Wales [now in Australia]—died January 7, , Medlow, New South Wales, Australia), statesman who guided the Australian federation movement to a successful conclusion and became the first prime minister of the resulting commonwealth in.
Edmund Barton 01 Jan 1st Prime Minister and 1st Governor-General Lord Hopetoun became the first Governor-General and Edmund Barton the first Prime Minister.
Both were sworn in at the ceremony inaugurating the Commonwealth of Australia. Sir Walter Raleigh: Sir Walter Raleigh, English adventurer and writer, a favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, who knighted him in Accused of treason by Elizabeth’s successor, James I, he was imprisoned in the Tower of London and eventually put to death.
Learn more about Raleigh’s life in this article. Sir Edmund Barton, GCMG, KC (18 January – 7 January ), Australian politician and judge, served as the first Prime Minister of Australia and became a founding justice of the High Court of metin2sell.coms: Mary Louise/Louisa Barton, William Barton.