Job The Book of Job is not only the finest expression of the Hebrew poetic genius; it must also be accorded a place among the greatest masterpieces of world literature. The work is grouped with Proverbs and Ecclesiastes as a product of the wisdom movement, even though it contains what might be called an anti-wisdom strain in that the hero protests vehemently against the rationalistic ethics of the sages. Yet it is the supreme example among ancient texts of speculative wisdom in which a man attempts to understand and respond to the human situation in which he exists. The Book of Job consists of two separate portions.
The story of this Restoration is a forerunner that shows the travails of the creation of the modern State of Israel.
Not only was the people cast off the land but the Divine Presence departed from Jerusalem Ezek. Once the city was bereft of the God of Israel, its Canaanite origins came to the fore Ezek.
The process of restoration see Babylonian Exile would be a lengthy one that would carry the people along the same route traversed by their ancestors who emerged from Egypt. Like the Exodus from Egyptthe one from Babylonia was depicted in miraculous terms.
The sanctity of the newly occupied land could only be preserved if the Sabbath was observed, if each member of the nation cared for his brother, and if the men did not take wives from among the pagan peoples. As the Lord revealed Himself by preparing a passage through the Red Sea, so would He reveal Himself by clearing a road through the desert separating Babylon from Jerusalem Isa.
Israel would be redeemed from its present as from its former bondage and gathered in from the four corners of the earth Isa. As Israel took spoil from the Egyptians upon its earlier Exodus Ex.
The miraculous and munificent return described by the prophet is echoed in the historical books. The neighbors of the repatriates from Babylonia "strengthened their hands" with silver and gold vessels, cattle and goods of all sorts Ezra 1: The Persian king Darius contributed toward the construction and sacrificial cult of the Temple Ezra 5: Though nothing is told of the journey of the repatriates who returned shortly after Cyrus' decree, the return of Ezra and his small band was carried out under divine guidance.
In his memoirs Ezra writes "I was ashamed to ask the king for a band of soldiers and horsemen to protect us against the enemy on our way; since we had told the king 'The hand of our God is for good upon all that seek Him' Since the historical books of Ezra and Nehemiah are structured so as to base the account of the Restoration on the model of the early stages of Israel's nationhood there is no "complete" account of the history of the period.
A single sentence states that "at the beginning of the reign" of King Ahasuerus Xerxes i. Egypt had rebelled against Persia on the eve of Darius's death and the rebellion was subdued by Xerxes.
It had traditionally been the case that Judah could sustain her rebellion against an imperial power, be it Assyria Isa. Thus it may be that Judah was involved or suspected of being involved in the Egyptian rebellion.
The historical source is silent for another period of almost 30 years. In the seventh year of Artaxerxes I Ezra was officially authorized by the king to "investigate" the situation in Judah and in Jerusalem in accordance with the law of God which was in his possession.
Jews ignorant of the divine law were to be instructed, while those who violated either that law or the law of the king were to be suitably punished whether by death, banishment, fine, or imprisonment Ezra 7: In a genealogically conscious era, Ezra's genealogy is one of the most elaborate.
He is a priest who traces his line directly back to Aaron through the latter's son and grandson Phinehas son of Eleazar. His immediate ancestor is given as Seraiah whose name is identical with that of the chief priest slain by Nebuchadnezzar at Riblah 2 Kings With the exception of two lacunae, the genealogy is identical with that in I Chronicles 5: As recorded in the Book of Ezra 7: While the genealogy is silent, perhaps deliberately so, about Ezra's relationship to the executed Seraiah's grandson, Jeshua son of Jehozadak, its schematic selectivity suggests divine determination: The Hebrew term for "set" is identical with that used to describe the erection of the altar Ezra 3: What were his qualifications for this undertaking?
The scribe was not only one versed in writing cf. The divine law in which Ezra was proficient was "the Wisdom of his God in his possession" Ezra 7: In their wisdom, scribes were also called upon to advise kings cf.
Ahikar and fill other governmental posts so that scribe, "secretary," also appears as an official title II Sam. Whether in his capacity as scribe Ezra held a post in the Persian government, as some scholars have maintained, is uncertain.
The historical reason for the fame Ezra enjoyed may have been the revolt which broke out in Egypt ca. It was in the interest of the Persian king at just this juncture to strengthen his hold on the territory bordering on Egypt.Biblical literature - Job: The Book of Job is not only the finest expression of the Hebrew poetic genius; it must also be accorded a place among the greatest masterpieces of world literature.
The work is grouped with Proverbs and Ecclesiastes as a product of the wisdom movement, even though it contains what might be called an anti-wisdom strain in that the hero protests vehemently against the.
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Loyalty definition is - the quality or state or an instance of being loyal. How to use loyalty in a sentence. Synonym Discussion of loyalty Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!
Merriam-Webster unabridged. WORD OF THE DAY. fathom play. to penetrate and come to understand. Loyalty essaysThere are many different perceptions and definitions for loyalty. Everyone considers loyalty to be defined as respect, honesty, love and patients.
I am going to spend the next five minutes explaining a new way to look at some forgotten definitions of loyalty and what it consists of.