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Twelfth Amendment, amendment to the Constitution of the United States repealing and revising presidential election procedures. Constitution, ratified in Under the original text of the Constitution, political participation was at first reserved for the American elite.
The Framers had viewed political parties with suspicion, but by the s party politics had taken root—and with it the interests of party organizations began to exert influence. In the Federalist Party supported John Adams for president, but it split its vote such that the Democratic-Republican candidate, Thomas Jeffersonearned the second greatest number of votes, thereby securing the post of vice president.
To forestall this situation from occurring again, the parties sought to ensure that all its electors were united. Under the rules, the electors voted for two candidates without specifying who should hold which office.
The election ultimately went to the House of Representatives, which elected Jefferson. These elections revealed both a growing influence of political parties and a serious deficiency in the presidential election process. The effect of the Twelfth Amendment was to require separate votes for presidential and vice presidential candidates.
Should an election result in a tie, the House of Representatives would chose for whom to cast votes, on the basis of a one-vote-per-state formulation, from among the top three electoral vote recipients.
The Twelfth Amendment came into effect with the election. The full text of the amendment is: But in choosing the President, the votes shall be taken by states, the representation from each state having one vote; a quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states, and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice.
But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States.[Footnote 1] A number of provisions of the Amendment have been superseded by the Twentieth Amendment.
[Footnote 2] Cunningham, Election of , in 1 History of American Presidential Elections (A. Schlesinger ed., ). The Twelfth Amendment (Amendment XII) to the United States Constitution was proposed in Congress on December 9, It was ratified by the state legislatures on June 15, It provided new procedures for electing the President and Vice President.
Twelfth Amendment The Twelfth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in NARA The catalyst for the Twelfth Amendment was the U.S.
presidential election of The Twelfth Amendment was proposed by the Eighth Congress on December 9, and submitted to the states three days later. There being seventeen states in the Union at that time, thirteen had to ratify it.
Twelfth Amendment noun an amendment to the U.S. Constitution, ratified in , providing for election of the president and vice president by the electoral college: should there be no majority vote for one person, the House of Representatives (one vote per state) chooses the .
Sep 10, · The 12th amendment requires separate electoral ballots for the president and vice president. This was created because, during the election of Thomas Jefferson & .